May 28, 2018


MAY 28


Hungary passed a law banning Jews from various professions. Another anti-semitic law was passed on May 5, 1939. A third law, added in August 1941, defined Jewish as anyone with at least two Jewish grandparents, and forbade sexual relations or marriages between Jews and non-Jews.


Cardinal Wyszyński died following a long and debilitating struggle with cancer. He was succeeded as primate by Archbishop Józef Glemp. Cardinal Wyszynski was a prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as the Bishop of Lublin from 1946 to 1948, Archbishop of Warsaw and Archbishop of Gniezno from 1948 to 1981. He was appointed Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Trastevere, on January 12, 1953 by Pope Pius XII.  Stefan Wyszyński assumed the title of Primate of Poland and was often called the Primate of the Millennium.  To many Poles he was the leader of Polish nation (the uncrowned king of Poland) From 1945 to 1989, he boldly opposed the iron grip of the Soviet regime in Poland and was credited for the survival of Polish Christianity in the midst of repression and persecution. He himself was imprisoned for three years, and is considered by many to be a Polish national hero. In 1989, the case was made for his beatification and canonization.  In April 1989, Pope John Paul II declared Nihil Obstat, which signified the first step to elevate Wyszynski to sainthood. Despite the praise of his great works, Wyszynski was anti-semitic.  Following the events of the Kielce pogrom in May 1946, local Jewish leaders met with then Bishop of Lublin Stefan Wyszynski, imploring him to publicly condemn the massacre and the anti-semitism that instigated it.  Wyszynski refused to support them and was unwilling to dispel the propaganda of "blood libel", a myth that formed the basis of medieval folklore and was a fabrication.


Polish government of Hanna Suchocka lost by a single vote. She was Poland's Prime Minister and served between July 8, 1992 and October 26, 1993 under the presidency of Lech Wałęsa. She is the first woman to hold this post in Poland (with Ewa Kopacz and Beata Szydło holding the post in the 2010s) and was the 14th woman to be appointed and serve as prime minister in the world. She declared that her government was committed to social reconciliation and would lead the country forward in the transformation from communism to capitalism. She was approved by 233 against 61 votes and 113 abstentions.  When she formed a cabinet, she wanted to include other female ministers but none of the other coalition partners were receptive to her recommendations. The two deputy prime ministers were male. In the midst of a wave of strikes in Poland, she was staunchly opposed to demands for increased wages, though she was wholly committed to market reforms.  Her refusal to concede salary increases to teachers and health workers, led to a parliamentary vote of no-confidence.  Walesa then dissolved parliament and held new elections and Suchocka resigned.  In 1994 Hanna Suchocka was one of the founding members of the Liberty Union Party, which became the country's third largest political force. From 1997 to 2000 she was the Minister of Justice in a coalition government. She is a member of Club of Madrid (an independent non-profit organization whose mission it is to promote democracy and change in the international community. Its membership is composed of former heads of state from 65 countries. Suchocka is also a member of the Council of Women World Leaders (an international network of current and former women presidents and prime ministers who are committed to collective action on issues of vital to women and the equitable development within nations.) Hanna Suchocka served as Poland's Ambassador to the Holy See from 2002 to 2013 and was a member of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences in the Vatican (appointed by Pope John Paul II on January 19, 1994)

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