June 26, 2018




Czestochowa Ghetto Uprising:   When the Nazi Germans began the process of liquidation of the small ghetto, an uprising broke out in a desperate attempt by the Jews to save themselves.  About 1,500 Jews died in the fighting.  When the Germans stormed his bunker, Mordechaj Zylberberg committed suicide.  By June 30, another 500 Jews were killed by being burned alive or buried beneath the rubble. 3,900 Jews were captured and forced to work in labor camps, 400 were selected and executed. By the end of the year 1,200 were deported to camps in Germany. All perished.  In 1944, Germans brought in another 10,000 new workers, from Lodz, Kielce, Radomsk and Skarzysko-Kamienna, so that work continue in the foundry camps. In mid-January 1945, as the Soviets advanced, the Germans deported 3,000 Jewish prisoners to the Third Reich. All perished. When the Red Army liberated the camp, there were only 5,200 Jews left.


The Berlin Air Lift:  The West responded to the Soviet blockade of Berlin, by organizing the Berlin airlift (June 26, 1948 to September 30, 1949) carrying supplies to the people of West Berlin. Aircrews from the United States Air Force, the British Royal Air Force, the French Air Force, the Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Australian Air Force, the Royal New Zealand Air Force, and the South African Air Force, flew a total of more than 200,000 flights in one year. West Berliners were provided with up to 8,893 tons of necessities each day, such as fuel and food, sustaining a population of two million people. The Soviets did not disrupt the airlift for fear this might lead to open conflict. On May 12, 1949, the USSR finally lifted the blockade of West Berlin. (see June 24, 1948)

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