Odessa Massacres of October 22 to 24, 1941: In a three-day rampage, Romanian troops, assisted by Nazi German soldiers, rounded up and massacred Jewish civliians in the town of Odessa, shooting them, or forcing many of the Jews into warehouses and setting the buildings on fire. The Romanians blamed the Jews for a bombing that had just occurred; it was due to a time-delayed bomb that was actually set by the Soviets in the Romanian headquarters. The blast killed 67 people including General Ioan Glogojeanu, the Romanian commander, 16 other Romanian officers and four German naval officers. By the evening of the same day, Romanian troops launched their reprisals. In the end, over 20,000 Jews had been slaughtered, shot or burned alive. The remaining survivors numbering about 35,000 men, women, and children were sent to the ghetto located in the suburb of Slobodka. Most of the buildings there were destroyed, and the Jewish prisoners were left outdoors for ten days. Many of them died of exposure.
Secret Allied Meeting: A clandestine meeting took place in Algiers on October 22, 1942 between American Maj. Gen. Mark Clark, French officials supportive of the Allies, as well as resistance fighters to discuss Operation Torch. It was the planned invasion of French North Africa during the North African Campaign, and it began on November 8, 1942. General Dwight D. Eisenhower was given command of the operation, and he set up his headquarters in Gibraltar. Operation Torch was the first major operation by American troops in the European-North African theatre during WW2. and the first armed deployment in the Arab world since the Barbary wars and, according to analysts of The Economist, laid the foundations for America’s post-war Middle East policy.