Greatest Soldier of World War I: On October 8, 1918, Alvin C. York, US Corporal was reported to have killed over 20 German soldiers and captured an additional 132. York took over the head position of his small battalion, fighting in the Argonne Forest in France. When the Germans fired on his unit, several troops were killed including a superior officer. Several other soldiers in York's unit began firing while advancing toward the German line. Apparently the Germans thought they were surrounded and about ninety of them surrendered to the Americans. On the way back to his unit, York took additional German prisoners bringing the total up to 131. Yorks military exploits and bravery later earned him the United States Congressional Medal of Honor.
Danzig was officially annexed by Nazi Germany and was made the capital of Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia. It was divided into three government regions with the name-giving capital cities of Bromberg, Danzig and Marienwerde. After a brief transitional period, the territory became part of the restored Regierungsbezirk Danzig in the Reichsgau Danzig-Westpreussen (the restored Prussian Province of West Prussia) and was divided into nine districts. Prior to the Invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, it was deemed the Free City of Danzig, as stipulated by the Treaty of Versailles (1919) at the end of World War I. The Free City of Danzig was under the protection of the League of Nations, and incorporated into a binding customs union with the newly emerged Republic of Poland. The League of Nations gave Poland full rights to develop and maintain transportation, communication, and port facilities in the city, providing Poland with open access to a well-sized seaport. The Free City of Danzig consisted of a majority of German citizens, though it had a very large Polish population as well. Even so, Germans bitterly resented being separated from Germany, and believed it to be their ancestral home. Tensions escalated when the Nazi Party seized power in 1935.
German submarine U-12 struck a mine in the Strait of Dover. There were no survivors. The body of the the submarine captain, Dietrich von der Ropp, was found washed ashore on the French coast near Dunkirk on October 29, 1939. The exact co-ordinates of the U-12 is not known, but has been approximated at 51°10′N 01°30′E. In 2002, the German government named the wreck to be recognized as a protected place under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986. The U-12 was thus designated as being representative of all such German vessels lost within UK jurisdiction during the war.
Polish Underground Fighters Sabotage Railways: On the night of October 7 and 8, 1942, the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa) undertook a large-scale anti-Nazi operation called Operation Wieniec, or Operation Garland. The Polish underground targeted the rail infrastructure near Warsaw, and other major cities. The sabotage tactics continued throughout the war, targeting railroads, bridges and supply depots. There were also substantial successes in assassinations of key Nazi German officials. The Germans, in reprisal, would publicly hang, or shoot large numbers of Polish citizens. The Polish Underground was the largest anti-Nazi organization in all of Europe. (see Operation Heads)