Melchior Wańkowicz (dob) was a Polish army officer, popular writer, political journalist and publisher. He is most famous for his reporting for the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II. He opposed the communist regime, writing and lecturing about the Polish Forces in the West, though the Soviet regime tried to undermine his views. Wankowicz' most famous work was a three tome book about the Battle of Monte Cassino, a tribute to the soldiers of the Anders Army (a book that was published in Poland only in a shortened, censored form until the fall of communism in 1990). After he co-signed a letter in 1964, protesting against the government censorship, he was repressed by the Soviet regime which prevented the publication of his works, arrested him and charged him with "spreading anti-Polish propaganda abroad". But the sentence was never executed.
Treaty Signed: The Free City of Danzig was a self-governing port on the Baltic Sea, and city-state set up by Part III Section XI of the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 and under protection of the League of Nations. The Treaty included special rights reserved for Poland which included administrative control of Polish post offices. In that year, the population of the Free City of Danzig was 357,000 (98% were German-speaking.)