Witold Roman Lutosławski (dob) was a Polish composer and orchestral conductor. He was one of the major European composers of the 20th century, and one of the preeminent Polish musicians during his last three decades. He earned many international awards and prizes. His compositions (of which he was a notable conductor) include four symphonies, a Concerto for Orchestra, a string quartet, instrumental works, concertos, and orchestral song cycles.
Czechoslovak government ordered its troops to seize key industrial areas of Cieszyn.
Poland signed the Treaty of Non-aggression with the Soviet Union. The Treaty was intended to normalize the bilateral contacts with the Soviet Union, and fortify the Polish gains of the Peace of Riga. It was to be balanced by a similar pact signed with Germany.
Nazi decrees established Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland. About 160,000 Jews, more than a third of the city's population, were forced into a small area. The ghetto was sealed with barbed wire fences. Special Nazi police guarded the perimeter, while the interior was guarded by the notorious Jewish Ghetto Police.
The Nazi Germans chose the site near the village of Oswiecim (Auschwitz) for the construction of a concentration camp.