January 7, 2018

JANUARY 7 - DAILY CHRONICLES OF HISTORY

JANUARY 7

1939

In Warsaw, the funeral of Roman Dmowski took place. He was a Polish politician, statesman, co-founder and chief ideologue of the right-wing National Democracy ("ND": in Polish, "Endecja") political movement. He knew that the major threat to Polish culture was the aggressive Germanization of Polish territories controlled by the German Empire. He therefore advocated some degree of accommodation with the Russian Empire that also had partitioned Poland. He was committed to the re-establishment of Polish independence but by nonviolent means, and supported policies that were favorable to the Polish middle class.


1945

American Victory Battle of the Bulge:   On January 7, 1945 Hitler agreed to withdraw all forces from the Ardennes, including the SS-Panzerdivisionen, ending all offensive operations. However, fighting continued for another 3 weeks - St. Vith was recaptured by the Americans on January 23rd, and the last German troops did not return to their start line until January 25.  The Battle of the Bulge was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II and was fought throughout the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in eastern Belgium, in northeast France, and in Luxembourg.  The German surprise attack caught the Allied forces completely off guard and American troops bore the brunt of the attack, suffering the highest casualties of any operation during the war. Germans troops, as well as the Luftwaffe suffered severe casualties, and were unable to replace losses.


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