|Polish Soldiers from "Anna" Company|
German forces have succeeded in forcing Poles out of the main arteries of Warsaw. In just one day over 300 German tanks crossed Warsaw from east to west, and 95 tanks moved from the west towards Praga. This barrage coincides with the arrival today of “Karl”, a top-heavy German mortar with 600 mm caliber. It is the largest self-propelled weapon in service weighing over 124 tons. The heaviest munition is a 60 cm (24" diameter), 2,170 kg (4,800 lb) shell. Its lightest shell has a range of just over 10 km (6.2 miles). Each heavy gun is accompanied by a crane, a heavy transport trailer and several modified tanks to carry shells.
|600 mm Karl-Gerat "Ziu" firing on Warsaw 1944|
|Polish hand made grenades|
Fighting goes on in City Centre as the Germans and Polish insurgents battle over control of streets and even individual buildings, the likes of which have changed hands several times between the two sides. Skirmishes are taking place throughout the Old Town from Krasinski Gardens to Teatralny Square. German troops succeeded in capturing Mostowski Palace but a Polish unit from the "Wigry" Battalion managed to recapture it during the night. Meanwhile Germans had attacked the barricades in front of Bank Polski on Bielanska Street and the Canonesses Convent in Teatralny Square. Polish insurgents are fighting back aggressively.
|Polish Insurgents after skirmish in Old Town Warsaw|
|Mostowski Palace - Warsaw|
In an unprecedented attack, German units struck hard on northern Srodmiescie from the north along Zelazna, Walicow, Ciepla, Rynkowa and Graniczna Streets: and from the west along Srebrna, Sienna, Panska, Prosta, Lucka, Grzybowska Streets. At the same time German shells were fired on insurgent positions including the Postal Railway Station and Dom Kolejowy building. Despite the overwhelming enemy barrage, Polish troops under the command of Captain Waclaw Stykowski "Hal" and units from the "Chrobry II" group succeeded in pushing the enemy back to their initial positions.
|Sentry at Post Train Station at Aleja Jerozolimskie Street.|
3rd Company Chrobry II Battalion at Post Office Rail Station
L-R: Lt. Zbigniew Brym "Zdunin", Lt. "Piotr", and chaplain Cpt. Antoni Czajkowski "Badur"
|Prudential Building in Warsaw|
In Mokotow, two Hungarian officers were arrested. Lt. Col. Stanislaw Kaminski "Daniel" used them as liaisons to establish contact with the command of Hungarian troops stationed in Zalesie near Warsaw. The "Jelen" unit under the command of Cavalry Captain Lech Gluchowski "Jezycki" has taken up position in the Legiony Dabrowskiego Fort.
Over 700 troops from Kampinos Forest under the command of Lt. Col. Wiktor Ludwik Konarski 'Victor" have mobilized were on the way towards Old Town. However, in the area of Powazki, the troops were dispersed by enemy fire and retreated to Zoliborz. The remaining soldiers have returned to the forest.
In the meantime British authorities have assigned two air units of more than 30 Liberator type four engine heavy bombers to assist Warsaw, one flown by British pilots and the other by South Africans. German fire shot down three of these planes.
The First Assistant to the Peoples Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union, Andrey Y. Vyshinsky, issued a reply to Harrimans recent request. On behalf of Molotov he stated that the Soviet government “could not go along” with his proposal and that the Uprising instigated by the Warsaw population was a “purely adventuristic affair” which the Soviets would not support.
|Stalin and Vyshinsky|
Harrimans request was focused not on Soviet participation in the Warsaw, but was rather an inquiry as to the reason the Soviet government objected to British and American efforts in assisting the Poles. Vyshinsky maintains that the landing of American planes on Soviet bases can be construed as “participation” and the Soviet Union strongly objects that the “adventurous actions” of the Varsavians might later be unleashed against the Soviet Union.
|Soviet WW2 Poster: Anti-Polish Propaganda|
A radio message was sent in reply to the President and Acting Secretary of State at 8 pm, in which Vyshinski maintained that the landing of American planes at the Soviet bases constituted participation and the Soviet Govt did not wish to encourage “adventuristic actions” which might later be turned against the Soviet Union. Three hours later, a strongly worded message was sent by Harriman accusing the Soviet government of feigning operational difficulties in the guise of ruthless political manipulation.
Insurgents in the Old Town Sector are starving. There is no bread, vegetables or meat for distribution. In desperation they have resorted to eating the remains of horses, dogs, cats. But thankfully the city can rely on a storehouse of grains that can be processed into gruel. Centre City sector has stockpiles of grain stored in several places as well as at the city`s largest brewery.
|Warsaw citizens eat horse meat to avoid starvation.|
There has been black market activity in some sections of the city for the precious water supply. In Old Town Sector civilians are paying 600 zlyotch for one glass of water. One black marketer charged $20 payable in gold for a bucket of water which was only partially filled. The AK has warned the public against such activity and has made numerous arrests. Several black marketers were being held under AK custody pending a military tribunal. All Polish military prosecutions have been conducted according to legal and proper proceedings. Several men were found guilty by Polish military court and within six hours they were shot by the commander of the region.